Trees & Shrubs

of the ETS de Ingenieros Agrónomos
and EU de Ingeniería Técnica Agrícola of Madrid

Trees and Shrubs of the ETS de Ingenieros Agrnomos and EU de Ingeniera Tcnica Agrcola of Madrid

Species Sheets

Magnolia grandiflora L. Sound tool

Southern magnolia, bull bay


Skip to Images

  • Contextual Icon: HermaphroditeEsp. Hermaphrodite

Species information


Habit: evergreen tree up to 25-30 m tall, with smooth grayish bark and a somewhat pyramidal shape.

Leaves: alternate, persistent, simple, with caducous stipules that leave a ring-like scar on the nodes, and a short and strong petiole; blade 12-25 cm long x 5-10 cm wide, ± elliptic or oblong, with entire margins, leathery, glossy green adaxially and covered by reddish-brown fuzz abaxially.

Flowers: hermaphrodite, actinomorphic, hypogynous, c. 20-30 cm in diam., fragrant, solitary at the tips of young branches, with stalks and a convex columnar receptacle with 3 sepals attached, 6-12 white or cream obovate and somewhat fleshy petals, a very large number (± 200-400) of free reddish stamens, and an apocarpous gynoecium with numerous (50-90) pistils and a superior ovary.

Fruit: cone-shaped follicetum 5-8 cm long, ovoid, ± woody. Seeds 1-1.5 cm long, shiny, with a red aril, dangling from a long funiculus.


It flowers at the end of spring or beginning of summer; fruits mature in autumn.

Geographical origin

Native to the SE United States.


It is cultivated as an ornamental in parks and gardens of temperate regions all over the world.

It is propagated from seeds (in this case it takes longer to flower) or semi-ripe cuttings.


Skip to Map

Thumbnail 1 of 5| Thumbnail 2 of 5| Thumbnail 3 of 5| Thumbnail 4 of 5| Thumbnail 5 of 5|

Magnolia grandiflora: Appearance of a group of magnolia trees all year round


Skip to Sheet

Species location

Ahora: 1508652511.46 Despues : 1508652511.46 Total = 0.00163888931274