Viburnum tinus L.

laurustinus
Adoxaceae
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Hermaphrodite


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Viburnum tinus
Elena Torres & Santiago Moreno
Licensed under CC BY-NC-SA

Viburnum tinus: Appearance of the shrub in full fruiting stage

Appearance of the shrub in full fruiting stageAppearance of the shrub all year roundBranch with opposite, entire, leathery leavesFlowers 4 mm in diam. arranged in a corymbiform cymeBranch with mature metallic blue drupes
Etymology

Viburnum: Ancient Latin name for another plant of the same genus

tinus: ancient Latin name for the wild bay (Laurus nobilis L.)

Description

Habit: Evergreen shrub up to 3-4 m tall with somewhat angled twigs, hairy when young, and a globose crown.

Leaves: opposite, persistent, simple, with a petiole 0.5-2 cm long; blade 3-10 cm long x 1.5-7 cm wide, ovate to elliptic, entire, leathery, somewhat discolorous, with tufts of hairs on the vein axils abaxially.

Flowers: hermaphrodite, actinomorphic, epigynous, arranged in corymbiform terminal cymes formed by multiple flowers; calyx gamosepalous, 5-lobed; corolla gamopetalous, 5-lobed, white, somewhat pinkish outside (especially before opening); stamens 5; gynoecium syncarpous, 3-carpellate, with an inferior ovary and a 3-lobed stigma.

Fruit: deep blue-black ovoid drupe 5-8 mm long, with a thin mesocarp and a single stone.

Phenology

It flowers at the end of winter or beginning of spring; fruits mature at the end of summer or in autumn and remain on the plant for a long time.

Geographic origin

Native to the temperate forests of the Mediterranean region. In the Iberian Peninsula it grows wild in all the temperate regions.

Observations

It is often cultivated as an ornamental. Its fruits are not edible.

It is propagated from seeds or semi-hardwood cuttings.

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